The climate in India is predominately influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert which together drive the alternating monsoons which drive the weather changes in India.
India can basically be split up into 7 different climatic regions which play host to 4 different climates. As you move around India you will find a variety of weather conditions ranging from tropical wet to tropical dry and subtropical humid to montane.
Extending from 8 degrees north to 33 degrees north and with a wide variety of terrain it is understandable why such a variety of weather conditions prevail. India is home to the highest mountain range in the world- the Himalayas, so here you will find permanent snow fields that are frozen year in year out. As you move south and head toward the tropical coast lands you will find conditions that are fairly typical of a tropical climate. In the vast plains of the Ganges valley, summers can get unbearably hot and even in the winter months the conditions stay fairly warm.
As a whole, India’s climate is driven by the Asiatic Monsoon system which differs from any other weather system in the world in that the winds which determine the climate are ever changing from year to year, and there is no predictable weather pattern from year to year as the prevailing winds can change direction at any point in time.
JUNE to OCTOBER
is when the south west monsoon comes through India. In different parts of the country the monsoon will come in at later periods, though on average it will hit in about June. During this time, in the mountains, very heavy rainfall is recorded.
A majority of BEYOND BORDERS’s programs are hosted around India’s diverse western region which include Maharashtra and Gujarat. Mumbai (formerly Bombay) is located in this region, and conditions here are fairly indicative of what weather prevails at sea level. The weather in Mumbai is tropical, and is home to two seasons- both of which are fairly enjoyable. The humid season in Mumbai is between March and October, and is characterized by humidity and temperatures over 30 °C. The average high during April, May and June is 32- 33 degrees and the minimum only falls to 26-27 degrees. Rainfall is at its highest during June and July, particularly in July.
The dry season in Mumbai, typically from November to February, sees moderate humidity and warm to cool weather. From January to February, cold northerly winds bring a mild chill through the area. Average minimums during this time are still a pleasant 12 degrees, maximums sit at about 29 degrees. Daily sunshine during this time is about 8 to 9 hours, which is a stark contrast from the 2 to 3 hours of sunlight during the cloudy months of July and August!
As we move away from Mumbai towards our other major program site in Malavli which is situated near the popular hill-station Lonavla there is a dip in temperatures and humidity levels. Weather in Malavli is mostly pleasant to chilly throughout the year. Rainfall can be heavy in the months of July and August with long burst of heavy rain that sometimes last for over 3-4 days.
BEYOND BORDERS’s other program area is around the desert state of Rajasthan, which is dry and, well, desert like. In almost all parts of this region rainfall is below 500mm annually and in some parts no more than 250mm of rain will fall in an entire year. In the hottest time of the year, from May to July, this region is in fact one of the most hot places in the whole world.